Also known as pen test or pen testing, penetration testing is the test drill in a particular network, computer system, or Web application to find its vulnerabilities that can be taken advantage by hackers and any online attacks. It can be automated using software applications or manually performed. Regardless, a pen test entails reconnaissance to identify possible entry points, threat modeling, vulnerability analysis, attempt break-ins (either real-time or through virtual simulation), and reporting the findings and recommendations to the company.
Penetration Testing’s primary goal is to determine security weaknesses to better prepare in cases like a breach of a computer network. Also, it is used to test if the organization is compliant with its security policy and if employees are aware of its safety procedures. Pen testing is sometimes referred to as white hat because the ones who attempts to break-in are the good guys.
Many companies in Malaysia offers the services of pen tests, and each has different strategies and methodologies to do so. Here are some of the approaches to penetration testing from Firmus.
– Targeted Testing. Also known as the lights-turned-on approach, targeted testing is a pen test conducted in collaboration with the enterprise’s IT department and the penetration testing team. Any information about the target and the network design is available for everyone to see.
A targeted testing approach can be cost-effective and more efficient as compared to the other pen test techniques when the objective of the simulation is focused more on the technical side or design of the network. However, the lights-turned-on approach may not give a complete picture of your company’s IT system, weaknesses, and response capabilities.
– External Testing. It is a kind of pen testing that focuses on the business’ externally visible servers like DNS or domain name servers, Web servers, e-mail servers, or firewalls. The goal of the test is to determine if hackers can get in and the extent of the breach once they get access.
– Internal Testing. It is the type of penetration testing that attacks behind the firewall of your IT system authorized with standard access privileges. Internal testing is done to test the havoc a resentful employee can cause and how to do damage control once exploited.
– Blind Testing. It is a pen test simulating the actions and procedures of a real attacker but severely limiting the information given to the individual beforehand. Usually, the name of the company is the only given data. Blind testing can be expensive since it requires a significant amount of reconnaissance time.
– Double Blind Testing. It is a pen test that takes blind testing to the next level. This time, only one or two people inside the organization are aware of the simulation being conducted. The primary goal of the double blind test is to monitor the company’s IT system, and it’s response procedures once an incident is identified.
Penetration testing is imperative to be better prepared for any online attacks. As the saying goes, “In a time of peace, prepare for war.”
In the world where malware attacks are getting sophisticated, business enterprises in Malaysia and in other countries, for that matter, are aware of the need to make their computer networks the highest-quality possible. Learn more about penetration testing through the Firmus website.